January 1, 2017

Strategies for Recess in Schools ›

In Jan 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and SHAPE America released new guidance documents for recess. Playworks contributed to the development of these guidance documents and we’re excited that the CDC and SHAPE America have taken…

April 1, 2017

School Recess, Social Connectedness and Health: A Canadian Perspective ›

Children need opportunities to establish positive social connections at school, yet many school playgrounds are challenged by social conflict that can undermine these connections. Because recess is typically the only time during the school day that children are free to…

March 22, 2016

Disparities in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among girls and overweight and obese schoolchildren during school- and out-of-school time ›

In a study measuring the physical activity of 453 schoolchildren in Massachusetts, only 15 percent of students achieved the CDC-recommended 60 minutes of daily MVPA throughout the day, and only 8 percent met the recommendation of 30 minutes of MVPA…

January 2, 2014

Impact of Recess Interventions on Children’s Physical Activity- A Meta Analysis ›

Recess interventions can improve youth physical activity levels, even when controlling for other variables. According to this meta analysis, playtime/recess can contribute between 5% and 40% of children recommended physical activity. Results from this study reinforce the importance of schools…

January 10, 2014

What Helps Children to Move More At School Recess and Lunchtime? Mid-Intervention Results from Transform-US! cluster-randomised controlled trial ›

A positive perception of the school play environment is associated with higher moderate to vigorous physical activity during recess among girls. 

January 1, 2013

The Crucial Role of Recess in School ›

Recess is at the heart of a vigorous debate over the role of schools in promoting the optimal development of the whole child. A growing trend toward reallocating time in school to accentuate the more academic subjects has put this…

November 1, 2012

Psychological Predictors of Children’s Recess Physical Activity Motivation and Behavior ›

This study explored the relationship between children’s basic psychological needs, satisfaction at recess, level of recess physical activity motivation (RPAM), and recess physical activity (RPA). Findings provide important insight into the variations in psychological predictors of motivation for RPA and…

April 1, 2012

The Impact of State Laws and District Policies on Physical Education and Recess Practices in a Nationally-Representative Sample of US Public Elementary Schools ›

Odds of schools meeting recommendations for PE and recess increased if they were in states or school districts having a law or a policy requiring/encouraging it. State policies are more influential than district policies in regards to recess. Schools with…

July 1, 2010

The Association Between School-Based Physical Activity, Including Physical Education, and Academic Performance ›

Studies that looked at recess suggested mostly that recess has a positive relationship with children's attention, concentration or classroom behavior. A majority of studies also found a strong positive relationship between class-time opportunities for physical activity and indicators of cognitive…

February 1, 2009

School Recess and Group Classroom Behavior ›

Based on secondary analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, children with non or minimal exposure to recess were more likely to be black, low income, live in large cities, to be from the Northeast or South and to attend…