Access your Download Below

Thank you for downloading the Great Recess Framework – Observational Tool (GRF-OT)! You can bookmark this page for future reference or look for an email with these downloads in your inbox.

  1. Great Recess Framework Observational Tool (with Scoring Sheet): Includes 24 items total, 17 of which have been validated. If you are interested in housing and reporting on your data online through Playworks, contact
  2. Research Validation Study: Published research on the validity and reliability of the Great Recess Framework – Observational Tool (GRF-OT). 
  3. Training Manual: Use with Scoring Sheet for valid observational data.

If you intend to use the GRF-OT for research purposes, we would appreciate a reference list of any publications that use the GRF-OT. If you have any questions on the use of the GRF-OT, please contact William Massey, PhD at

To cite the GRF-OT please use the following reference:

Massey, W.V., Stellino, M.B., Mullen, S.P., Claassen, J. & Wilkinson, M. (2018). Development of the great recess framework – observational tool to measure contextual and behavioral components of elementary school recess. BMC Public Health, 18:394.

The Great Recess Framework observational tool is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.  

Educators, access the Great Recess Framework here.