Development of the great recess framework-observational tool to measure contextual and behavioral components of elementary school recess

  • BMC Public Health
  • March 22, 2018

William V. Massey, Megan B. Stellino, Sean P. Mullen, Jennette Claassen and Megan Wilkison

This study established initial evidence for a valid and reliable assessment tool to observe school recess environments with a specific focus on safety, resources, student engagement, adult engagement, pro-social/anti-social behavior, and student empowerment. Use of the Great Recess Framework-Observational Tool can inspire evaluation, and subsequent intervention, to strategically create consistent, appropriate, and engaging school recess that impact children’s physical, cognitive, social and emotional development.

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